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J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009 Sep;36(9):1215-24. doi: 10.1007/s10295-009-0602-3. Epub 2009 Jun 18.

Use of the dinoflagellate Karlodinium veneficum as a sustainable source of biodiesel production.

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Institut de Ciències del Mar/Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Passeig Marítim de la Barceloneta, 08003 Barcelona, Spain.


Microalgae are microscopic heterotrophic-autotrophic photosynthesizing organisms with enormous potential as a source of biofuel. Dinoflagellates, a class of microalgae, contain large amounts of high-quality lipids, the principal component of fatty acid methyl esters. The biotic characteristics of the dinoflagellate species Karlodinium veneficum include a growth rate of 0.14 day(-1), a wet biomass of 16.4 g/L, a growth period of approximately 30 days, and an approximate 97% increase in fatty acid content during the transition from exponential phase to stationary phase. These parameters make K. veneficum a suitable choice as a bioresource for biodiesel production. Similarly, two other species were also determined to be appropriate for biodiesel production: the Dinophyceae Alexandrium andersoni and the Raphidophyte Heterosigma akashiwo.

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