Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Genes Immun. 2009 Sep;10(6):559-65. doi: 10.1038/gene.2009.46. Epub 2009 Jun 18.

Sex-specific effect of IL9 polymorphisms on lung function and polysensitization.

Author information

1
INSERM, U946, Fondation Jean Dausset/CEPH, Paris 75010, France. hugues.aschard@inserm.fr

Abstract

Sex differences in asthma-associated phenotypes are well known but the genetic factors that may account for these differences have received little attention. This study aimed to characterize sex-specific and pleiotropic genetic factors underlying four quantitative phenotypes involved in the main asthma physiopathological pathways: immunoglobulin E levels, a measure of polysensitization (SPTQ), eosinophil counts and a measure of lung function FEV(1)/H(2) (forced expiratory volume in one second divided by height square). Sex-stratified univariate and bivariate linkage analyses were conducted in 295 families from the Epidemiological study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma study. We found genome-wide significant evidence for a male-specific pleiotropic QTL (quantitative trait loci) on 5q31 (P=7 x 10(-9)) influencing both FEV(1)/H(2) and SPTQ and for a female-specific pleiotropic QTL on 11q23 underlying SPTQ and immunoglobulin E (P=2 x 10(-5)). Three other sex-specific regions of linkage were detected for eosinophil: 4q24 and 22q13 in females, and 3p25 in males. Further, bivariate association analysis of FEV(1)/H(2) and SPTQ with 5q31 candidate genes in males showed a significant association with two single-nucleotide polymorphisms within IL9 gene, rs2069885 and rs2069882 (P=0.02 and P=0.002, respectively, after Bonferroni's correction). This study underlies the importance of taking into account complex mechanisms, such as heterogeneity according to sex and pleiotropy to unravel the genes involved in asthma phenotypes.

PMID:
19536153
DOI:
10.1038/gene.2009.46
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center