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Eur J Public Health. 2009 Dec;19(6):602-4. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckp078. Epub 2009 Jun 17.

Income inequality and male homicide rates: Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1996-2007.

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Hospital Universitario, University of Sao Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.


In Sao Paulo, Brazil, homicides to men aged 15-44 years increased with an annual percentage change (APC) of 4.7% from 1996 to 2001, and then decreased from 2001 to 2007 with an APC of -14.6%. Analyzing the intra-urban distribution according to family income, the increase in the homicide rate was restricted to men living in the poorest neighbourhoods. In contrast, the decline in homicide rates was observed to men living in all districts. The reasons for this 'up and down' trend are not clear.

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