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J Med Chem. 2009 Jul 23;52(14):4266-76. doi: 10.1021/jm900002x.

Side chain flexibilities in the human ether-a-go-go related gene potassium channel (hERG) together with matched-pair binding studies suggest a new binding mode for channel blockers.

Author information

1
Physical and Computational Chemistry, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield SK11 4TG, UK. U.Zachariae@googlemail.com

Abstract

The cardiac hERG K(+) channel constitutes a long-standing and expensive antitarget for the drug industry. From a study of the flexibility of hERG around its internal binding cavity, we have developed a new structural model of drug binding to hERG, which involves binding orthogonal to the pore channel and therefore can exploit the up to 4-fold symmetry of the tetrameric channel. This binding site has a base formed by four tyrosine side chains that complement reported ligand-based pharmacophores. The model is able to rationalize reduced hERG potency in matched molecular pair studies and suggests design guidelines to optimize against hERG not relying simply on lipophilicity reduction. The binding model also suggests a molecular mechanism for the link between high-affinity hERG binding and C-type inactivation.

PMID:
19534531
DOI:
10.1021/jm900002x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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