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J Cell Biochem. 2009 Aug 15;107(6):1139-49. doi: 10.1002/jcb.22216.

KiSS1 suppresses TNFalpha-induced breast cancer cell invasion via an inhibition of RhoA-mediated NF-kappaB activation.

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Center for Cancer and Stem Cell Biology, Institute of Biosciences and Technology, Texas A&M University System Health Science Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.


Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) induces cancer development and metastasis, which is prominently achieved by nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) activation. TNFalpha-induced NF-kappaB activation enhances cellular mechanisms including proliferation, migration, and invasion. KiSS1, a key regulator of puberty, was initially discovered as a tumor metastasis suppressor. The expression of KiSS1 was lost or down-regulated in different metastatic tumors. However, it is unclear whether KiSS1 regulates TNFalpha-induced NF-kappaB activation and further tumor cell migration. In this study, we demonstrate that KiSS1 suppresses the migration of breast cancer cells by inhibiting TNFalpha-induced NF-kappaB pathway and RhoA activation. Both KiSS1 overexpression and KP10 (kisspeptin-10) stimulation inhibited TNFalpha-induced NF-kappaB activity, suppressed TNFalpha-induced cell migration and cell attachment to fibronectin in breast cancer cells while KP10 has little effect on cancer cell proliferation. Furthermore, KP10 inhibited TNFalpha-induced cell migration and RhoA GTPase activation. Therefore, our data demonstrate that KiSS1 inhibits TNFalpha-induced NF-kappaB activation via downregulation of RhoA activation and suppression of breast cancer cell migration and invasion.

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