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Endoscopy. 2009 Jun;41(6):498-503. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1214758. Epub 2009 Jun 16.

Risk factors for lymph node metastasis in histologically poorly differentiated type early gastric cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Gastroenterological Center, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan. s0714@med.yokohama-cu.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We retrospectively evaluated the predictive factors for lymph node metastasis in poorly differentiated early gastric cancer (poorly differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma, signet-ring cell carcinoma, mucinous adenocarcinoma) in order to examine the possibility of endoscopic resection for poorly differentiated early gastric cancer.

METHODS:

A total of 573 patients with histologically poorly differentiated type early gastric cancer (269 mucosal and 304 submucosal), who had undergone curative gastrectomy, were enrolled in this study. Risk factors for lymph node metastasis were evaluated by univariate and logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS:

Lymph node metastasis was observed in 74 patients (12.9%) (6 with mucosal cancer and 68 with submucosal cancer). By univariate analysis risk factors for lymph node metastasis were lymphovascular invasion (LVI) (presence), depth of invasion (submucosa), and tumor diameter (> 20 mm), ulcer or ulcer scar (presence), and histological type (mucinous adenocarcinoma). By multivariate analysis, risk factors for lymph node metastasis were LVI, depth of invasion, and tumor diameter. In mucosal cancers, the incidence of lymph node metastasis was 0% irrespective of LVI in tumors smaller than 20 mm, and 1.7% in tumors 20 mm or larger without LVI. In submucosal cancers, the incidence of lymph node metastasis was 2.4% in tumors smaller than 20 mm without LVI.

CONCLUSIONS:

A histologically poorly differentiated type mucosal gastric cancer measuring less than 20 mm and without LVI may be a candidate for endoscopic resection. This result should be confirmed in a larger study with many patients.

PMID:
19533552
DOI:
10.1055/s-0029-1214758
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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