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Opt Express. 2006 Dec 25;14(26):12994-3000.

Time-resolved measurement of the local equivalence ratio in a gaseous propane injection process using laser-induced gratings.


For the first time laser-induced gratings (LIGs) have been used for the investigation of a non-stationary pulse-repetitive injection process of gaseous propane, C(3)H(8), into air. By recording and evaluating single-shot LIG signals it was possible to determine, on a cycle-averaged basis, the temporal evolution of the local (within a probe volume 300 microm in diameter and 10 mm in length) equivalence ratio and by this the fuel-air ratio. Two different data treatment strategies, subject to C(3)H(8) concentration range, were first tested at stationary conditions and then used to evaluate the LIG signals obtained during the injection process. The relative standard deviation of single-shot measurements were estimated to be 0.14 and 0.32 at 0.8 % and 10 % of propane concentration, respectively.

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