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Blood. 2009 Sep 10;114(11):2232-5. doi: 10.1182/blood-2009-02-204693. Epub 2009 Jun 16.

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with P190 BCR-ABL: analysis of characteristics, outcomes, and prognostic significance.

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Department of Leukemia, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


The most common BCR-ABL transcripts in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) are e13a2(b2a2) and e14a2(b3a2). Other transcripts such as e1a2 are rare and their outcome with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) therapy is undefined. We analyzed 1292 CML patients and identified 14 with only e1a2 transcripts, 9 in chronic phase (CP), 1 in accelerated phase (AP), and 4 in blast phase (BP). Of the CP, 4 achieved complete hematologic response (CHR); 2, complete cytogenetic response (CCyR); 2, partial cytogenetic response (PCyR), and 1 did not respond to imatinib. Five patients progressed to myeloid BP (3), lymphoid BP (1), or AP (1). The AP patient received various TKIs sequentially and achieved only CHR. BP patients received hyper-CVAD (hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, adriamycin, dexamethasone) plus imatinib/dasatinib or idarubicin plus cytarabine (Ara-C); 2 did not respond, 1 had CCyR, and 1 short-lasting complete molecular response (CMR). Overall, cytogenetic responses lasted 3 to 18 months; only 2 achieved major molecular response (MMR) on TKI. P190(BCR-ABL) CML is rare and is associated with an inferior outcome to therapy with TKI. These patients need to be identified as high-risk patients.

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