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Nat Rev Microbiol. 2009 Jul;7(7):504-13. doi: 10.1038/nrmicro2149.

Epigenetic regulation in African trypanosomes: a new kid on the block.

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Laboratory of Molecular Parasitology, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, New York 10065, USA.


Epigenetic regulation is important in many facets of eukaryotic biology. Recent work has suggested that the basic mechanisms underlying epigenetic regulation extend to eukaryotic parasites. The identification of post-translational histone modifications and chromatin-modifying enzymes is beginning to reveal both common and novel functions for chromatin in these parasites. In this Review, we compare the role of epigenetics in African trypanosomes and humans in several biological processes. We discuss how the study of trypanosome chromatin might help us to better understand the evolution of epigenetic processes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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