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Circulation. 2009 Jun 16;119(23):3028-35. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.768986.

Medication adherence: its importance in cardiovascular outcomes.

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1
Denver VA Medical Center, Denver, CO, USA. michael.ho@va.gov

Abstract

Medication adherence usually refers to whether patients take their medications as prescribed (eg, twice daily), as well as whether they continue to take a prescribed medication. Medication nonadherence is a growing concern to clinicians, healthcare systems, and other stakeholders (eg, payers) because of mounting evidence that it is prevalent and associated with adverse outcomes and higher costs of care. To date, measurement of patient medication adherence and use of interventions to improve adherence are rare in routine clinical practice. The goals of the present report are to address (1) different methods of measuring adherence, (2) the prevalence of medication nonadherence, (3) the association between nonadherence and outcomes, (4) the reasons for nonadherence, and finally, (5) interventions to improve medication adherence.

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