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Vision Res. 2009 Aug;49(17):2176-86. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2009.06.008. Epub 2009 Jun 13.

Effects of myopic spectacle correction and radial refractive gradient spectacles on peripheral refraction.

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  • 1Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, Calwerstrasse 7/1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany.


The recent observation that central refractive development might be controlled by the refractive errors in the periphery, also in primates, revived the interest in the peripheral optics of the eye. We optimized an eccentric photorefractor to measure the peripheral refractive error in the vertical pupil meridian over the horizontal visual field (from -45 degrees to 45 degrees ), with and without myopic spectacle correction. Furthermore, a newly designed radial refractive gradient lens (RRG lens) that induces increasing myopia in all radial directions from the center was tested. We found that for the geometry of our measurement setup conventional spectacles induced significant relative hyperopia in the periphery, although its magnitude varied greatly among different spectacle designs and subjects. In contrast, the newly designed RRG lens induced relative peripheral myopia. These results are of interest to analyze the effect that different optical corrections might have on the emmetropization process.

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