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Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2009 Jul;16(7):754-62. doi: 10.1038/nsmb.1621. Epub 2009 Jun 14.

Structural basis for ESCRT-III protein autoinhibition.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.


Endosomal sorting complexes required for transport-III (ESCRT-III) subunits cycle between two states: soluble monomers and higher-order assemblies that bind and remodel membranes during endosomal vesicle formation, midbody abscission and enveloped virus budding. Here we show that the N-terminal core domains of increased sodium tolerance-1 (IST1) and charged multivesicular body protein-3 (CHMP3) form equivalent four-helix bundles, revealing that IST1 is a previously unrecognized ESCRT-III family member. IST1 and its ESCRT-III binding partner, CHMP1B, both form higher-order helical structures in vitro, and IST1-CHMP1 interactions are required for abscission. The IST1 and CHMP3 structures also reveal that equivalent downstream alpha5 helices can fold back against the core domains. Mutations within the CHMP3 core-alpha5 interface stimulate the protein's in vitro assembly and HIV-inhibition activities, indicating that dissociation of the autoinhibitory alpha5 helix from the core activates ESCRT-III proteins for assembly at membranes.

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