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Crisis. 2009;30(2):98-101. doi: 10.1027/0227-5910.30.2.98.

Suicidal behavior by burns in the province of Fars, Iran.

Author information

1
Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. lari@iums.ac.ir

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

While suicide by burns is a relatively uncommon form of suicide in developed countries, it is one of the most common methods of suicide in the Middle East region including Iran.

AIMS:

To describe epidemiologic characteristics of suicidal behaviors by burns in the province of Fars, Iran.

METHODS:

A prospective population-based study of all suicidal behaviors by burns requiring hospitalization was conducted in the province of Fars, Iran, from March 21, 2005 to March 20, 2006. Data were obtained from patients, family members, and/or significant others through interviews during the course of hospitalization.

RESULTS:

A total of 125 patients with suicidal behavior by burns requiring hospitalization were identified during the study period, representing an overall incidence rate of 4.3 per 100,000 (95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 3.6-5.1). Females (6.2 per 100,000) had a higher rate of suicidal behavior by burns than males (2.4 per 100,000; p < .001). The age-specific rate of suicidal behavior by burns peaked at age 20-29 years (10.1 per 100,000). The rate of suicidal behavior by burns was higher among single (7.2 per 100,000) vs. married persons (4.2 per 100,000; p = 0.03). Single males aged 20-39 years and young married women aged 15-29 years were at greatest risk of suicidal behavior by burns. The most common precipitating factor (74.4%) for suicidal behavior was a quarrel with a family member, a relative, and/or a friend.

CONCLUSIONS:

The high rate of suicidal behavior by burns among young/married women in Fars is of concern. Social, cultural, and economic factors may contribute to suicidal behavior and need to be addressed through education, support, and commitment.

PMID:
19525170
DOI:
10.1027/0227-5910.30.2.98
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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