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PLoS One. 2009 Jun 12;4(6):e5895. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0005895.

Chikungunya virus and Aedes mosquitoes: saliva is infectious as soon as two days after oral infection.

Author information

1
Institut Pasteur, Génétique moléculaire des Bunyavirus, Paris, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are potential vectors of chikungunya virus (CHIKV). The recent CHIKV outbreaks were caused by a new variant characterized by a mutation in the E1 glycoprotein gene (E1-226V) which has favored a better transmissibility by Ae. albopictus. As Ae. albopictus tends to replace Ae. aegypti in many regions, one question remained: is Ae. albopictus as efficient as Ae. aegypti to transmit the variant E1-226V of CHIKV?

METHODOLOGY AND FINDINGS:

We infected orally both species with the variant E1-226V and estimated the infection, the viral dissemination, and the transmission rate by real time RT-PCR. Additionally, we used an in vitro assay to determine the amount of virus delivered by mosquitoes in their saliva. We found that Ae. aegypti as well as Ae. albopictus ensured a high replication of the virus which underwent an efficient dissemination as detectable in the salivary glands at day 2 post-infection (pi). Infectious CHIKV particles were delivered by salivary glands from day 2 with a maximum at day 6 pi for Ae. albopictus (10(3.3) PFU) and day 7 pi for Ae. aegypti (10(2.5) PFU).

CONCLUSIONS:

Ae. albopictus is slightly more efficient than Ae. aegypti to transmit the variant E1-226V of CHIKV. These results will help to design an efficient vector control to limit transmission as soon as the first human cases are diagnosed.

PMID:
19521520
PMCID:
PMC2690823
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0005895
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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