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Stroke. 2009 Sep;40(9):3091-5. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.109.552042. Epub 2009 Jun 11.

Does ABCD2 score below 4 allow more time to evaluate patients with a transient ischemic attack?

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1
Department of Neurology and Stroke Center, Paris, France. pierre.amarenco@bch.aphp.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

The National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends that patients with a transient ischemic attack and ABCD(2) score > or =4 and those with >2 transient ischemic attacks within 1 week be admitted for urgent complete etiologic evaluation within 24 hours and that those with an ABCD(2) score <4 be evaluated less urgently within 1 week.

METHODS:

Using data from 1176 patients with a definite or possible transient ischemic attack or minor stroke included in the SOS-TIA registry (January 2003 to June 2007), we studied the usefulness of the conventional ABCD(2) score cutoff as well as the NICE criteria for urgent admission to a stroke unit defined as presence of symptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis > or =50%, symptomatic intracranial artery stenosis > or =50%, or major cardiac source of embolism.

RESULTS:

Among 697 patients with an ABCD(2) score <4, 20% required immediate consideration for emergency treatment (eg, symptomatic internal carotid stenosis > or =50% in 9.1% of patients, symptomatic intracranial stenosis in 5.0%, atrial fibrillation in 5.9%, other major cardiac source of embolism in 2.1%) in comparison to 31.6% of 497 patients with an ABCD(2) score > or =4. The sensitivity and specificity of ABCD(2) score > or =4 or NICE criteria for discriminating between patients requiring admission or not were <62% with low positive predictive values (<30%) and high negative predictive values (> or =80%).

CONCLUSIONS:

One in 5 patients with an ABCD(2) score <4 had high-risk disease requiring urgent treatment decision-making. When triaging on an ABCD(2) score, we recommend adding systematic carotid ultrasound (or a default angiographic CT scan) and electrocardiography within 24 hours before postponing complete transient ischemic attack evaluation.

PMID:
19520988
DOI:
10.1161/STROKEAHA.109.552042
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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