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Phys Rev Lett. 2009 May 8;102(18):186602. Epub 2009 May 4.

Topological Hall effect in the A phase of MnSi.

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1
Physik Department E21, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Strasse, D-85748 Garching, Germany.

Erratum in

  • Phys Rev Lett. 2013 May 17;110(20):209902.

Abstract

Recent small angle neutron scattering suggests that the spin structure in the A phase of MnSi is a so-called triple-Q state, i.e., a superposition of three helices under 120 degrees. Model calculations indicate that this structure in fact is a lattice of so-called Skyrmions, i.e., a lattice of topologically stable knots in the spin structure. We report a distinct additional contribution to the Hall effect in the temperature and magnetic field range of the proposed Skyrmion lattice, where such a contribution is neither seen nor expected for a normal helical state. Our Hall effect measurements constitute a direct observation of a topologically quantized Berry phase that identifies the spin structure seen in neutron scattering as the proposed Skyrmion lattice.

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