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Phys Rev Lett. 2009 May 8;102(18):183902. Epub 2009 May 8.

Focusing radially polarized light by a concentrically corrugated silver film without a hole.

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Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 7, 02-093 Warsaw, Poland.


We report a phenomenon of focusing a radially polarized beam from the visible range by a silver film with no hole on the optical axis and double-sided concentric corrugations. The axes of symmetry of grooves and the illuminating beam coincide. An Ag lens of 100 nm thickness, five grooves, of which the outermost has 5 microm diameter, at lambda=400 nm transmits 22% of electric energy and focuses light into a 0.2lambda2 spot area at a focal length close to 2lambda, while at lambda=500 nm the results are 11%, 0.16lambda2 and lambda, respectively. This Ag lens focuses without contribution of evanescent waves a far-field source into a far-field spot. The nanolens acts like a refractive optical system of high numerical aperture close to unity.

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