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J Am Chem Soc. 2009 Jul 8;131(26):9396-404. doi: 10.1021/ja9029957.

Crystalline ultrasmooth self-assembled monolayers of alkylsilanes for organic field-effect transistors.

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Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, 381 North South Mall, Stanford, California 94305, USA.


Crystalline self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of organosilane compounds such as octadecyltrimethoxysilane (OTMS) and octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTCS) were deposited by a simple, spin-casting technique onto Si/SiO(2) substrates. Fabrication of the OTMS SAMs and characterization using ellipsometry, contact angle, atomic force microscopy (AFM), grazing angle attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (GATR-FTIR) spectroscopy and grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD) are described. The characterization confirms that these monolayers exhibit a well-packed crystalline phase and a remarkably high degree of smoothness. Semiconductors deposited by vapor deposition onto the crystalline OTS SAM grow in a favorable two-dimensional layered growth manner which is generally preferred morphologically for high charge carrier transport. On the OTMS SAM treated dielectric, pentacene OFETs showed hole mobilities as high as 3.0 cm(2)/V x s, while electron mobilities as high as 5.3 cm(2)/V x s were demonstrated for C(60).


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