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Heart. 2009 Oct;95(19):1567-71. doi: 10.1136/hrt.2008.155770. Epub 2009 Jun 8.

Remote ischaemic preconditioning reduces myocardial injury in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cold-blood cardioplegia: a randomised controlled trial.

Author information

1
The Hatter Cardiovascular Institute, University College London Hospital, 67 Chenies Mews, London WC1E 6HX, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC) induced by brief ischaemia and reperfusion of the arm reduces myocardial injury in coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery patients receiving predominantly cross-clamp fibrillation for myocardial protection. However, cold-blood cardioplegia is the more commonly used method world wide.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess whether RIPC is cardioprotective in CABG patients receiving cold-blood cardioplegia.

DESIGN:

Single-centre, single-blinded, randomised controlled trial.

SETTING:

Tertiary referral hospital in London.

PATIENTS:

Adults patients (18-80 years) undergoing elective CABG surgery with or without concomitant aortic valve surgery with cold-blood cardioplegia. Patients with diabetes, renal failure (serum creatinine >130 mmol/l), hepatic or pulmonary disease, unstable angina or myocardial infarction within the past 4 weeks were excluded.

INTERVENTIONS:

Patients were randomised to receive either RIPC (n = 23) or control (n = 22) after anaesthesia. RIPC comprised three 5 min cycles of right forearm ischaemia, induced by inflating a blood pressure cuff on the upper arm to 200 mm Hg, with an intervening 5 min reperfusion. The control group had a deflated cuff placed on the upper arm for 30 min.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Serum troponin T was measured preoperatively and at 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h after surgery and the area under the curve (AUC at 72 h) calculated.

RESULTS:

RIPC reduced absolute serum troponin T release by 42.4% (mean (SD) AUC at 72 h: 31.53 (24.04) microg/l.72 h in controls vs 18.16 (6.67) microg/l.72 h in RIPC; 95% CI 2.4 to 24.3; p = 0.019).

CONCLUSIONS:

Remote ischaemic preconditioning induced by brief ischaemia and reperfusion of the arm reduces myocardial injury in CABG surgery patients undergoing cold-blood cardioplegia, making this non-invasive cardioprotective technique widely applicable clinically.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:

NCT00397163.

PMID:
19508973
DOI:
10.1136/hrt.2008.155770
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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