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J Med Chem. 1977 Jul;20(7):907-11.

Synthesis, structure, and reactivity of adenosine cyclic 3',5'-phosphate benzyl triesters.


A series of triesters of adenosine cyclic 3',5'-phosphate was synthesized by treatment of the free acid with various diazoalkanes (R=H, CH3, C6H5,0-NO2C6H4, p-NO2C6H4, p-CH3C6H4). The resulting diastereomeric mixtures were separated into their axial and equatorial components. Hydrolysis of the compounds was examined as well as photolysis of the photolabile o-nitrobenzyl ester. All compounds were then tested for their ability to activate the cAMP-dependent protein kinase and for their ability to serve as a substrate for the cAMP phosphodiesterase showing almost no effect on either enzyme. In a biological assay the benzyl triesters were able to penetrate into C 6 rat glioma cells and to induce the typical morphological alteration of the cell shape known for high cellular levels of cAMP. It was concluded that the benzyl triesters of cAMP are useful derivatives which can be efficiently and specifically converted to the parent nucleotide. Benzyl derivatives of biologically active phosphodiesters may provide a useful tool for study in biology and pharmacology.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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