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J Pharm Sci. 2009 Dec;98(12):4557-76. doi: 10.1002/jps.21747.

QSPR modelling with the topological substructural molecular design approach: beta-cyclodextrin complexation.

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1
Environmental Engineering and Toxicology Department, Catholic University of San Antonio, Guadalupe, Murcia, C.P. 30107, Spain. aperez@pdi.ucam.edu

Abstract

This study aims at developing a quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) model for predicting complexation with beta-cyclodextrins (beta-CD) based on a large variety of organic compounds. Molecular descriptors were computed following the TOPological Substructural MOlecular DEsign (TOPS-MODE) approach and correlated with beta-CD complex stability constants by linear multivariate data analysis. This strategy afforded a final QSPR model that was able to explain around 86% of the variance in the experimental activity, along with showing good internal cross-validation statistics, and also good predictivity on external data. Topological substructural information influencing the complexation with beta-CD was extracted from the QSPR model. This revealed that the major driving forces for complexation are hydrophobicity and van der Waals interactions. Therefore, the presence of hydrophobic groups (hydrocarbon chains, aryl groups, etc.) and voluminous species (Cl, Br, I, etc.) in the molecules renders easy their complexity with beta-CDs. To our knowledge, this is the first time a correlation between TOPS-MODE descriptors and complexing abilities of beta-CDs has been reported.

PMID:
19504577
DOI:
10.1002/jps.21747
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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