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Opt Express. 2005 Dec 26;13(26):10571-88.

Bandgap lattices: low index solitons and linear properties.


A new type of waveguide lattice that relies on the effect of bandgap guidance, rather than total internal reflection, in the regions between the waveguide defects is proposed. Two different setting, for low index and high index defects are suggested. We analyze the linear bandgap and diffraction properties of such lattices. In the nonlinear regime the Kerr effect can counteract diffraction leading to the formation of gap lattice solitons. Interestingly enough, in the case of low index defects, stable soliton solutions are localized in the low index areas. This finding challenges the widely accepted idea that stable solitons can be sustained in high refractive index regions. In addition, in the case of high index defects, the coupling coefficient can become negative. Physical settings where the linear and nonlinear properties for bandgap lattices can be experimentally realized are presented.

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