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Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2009 Jun;20(3):203-12. doi: 10.1016/j.cytogfr.2009.05.001. Epub 2009 Jun 6.

Emerging role of bone morphogenetic proteins in angiogenesis.

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Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U878, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble, France.


Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are multifunctional growth factors belonging to the transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) superfamily. Recent observations clearly emphasize the emerging role of BMPs in angiogenesis: (i) two genetic vascular diseases (hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)) are caused by mutations in genes encoding components of the BMP signalling pathway (endoglin, ALK1 and BMPRII). (ii) BMP9 has been identified as the physiological ligand of the endothelial receptor ALK1 in association with BMPRII. This review will focus on the diverse functions of BMPs in angiogenesis. We will propose a model that distinguishes the BMP2, BMP7 and GDF5 subgroups from the BMP9 subgroup on the basis of their functional implication in the two phases of angiogenesis (activation and maturation).

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