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J Neuroimmunol. 2009 Jul 25;212(1-2):3-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jneuroim.2009.05.003. Epub 2009 Jun 4.

Autoantibodies involved in neuropsychiatric manifestations associated with systemic lupus erythematosus.

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  • 1Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune-Mediated Diseases Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.


In the course of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), a variety of neuropsychiatric disturbances is reported with a prevalence ranging from 17% to 75%. The diagnosis of these syndromes is difficult and requires a careful psychiatric evaluation. Distinct autoantibodies detectable in serum or cerebrospinal fluid of patients with SLE are associated with the presence of neuropsychiatric disorders. These autoantibodies may have a pathogenic relevance in neuropsychiatric SLE or they may be merely an epiphenomenon. This review describes the various autoantibodies reported to be associated with neuropsychiatric manifestations in SLE and discusses their possible role.

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