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Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2009 Oct;53(4):543-50. doi: 10.1002/pbc.22119.

Flow cytometric chemosensitivity assay as a predictive tool of early clinical response in acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Residual disease or rapidity of response to induction therapy is among the most powerful predictors of outcome in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).

METHOD:

Utilizing a multiparameter flow cytometric chemosensitivity assay (FCCA), we studied the relationship between in vitro drug sensitivity of diagnostic leukemic blasts from 30 children with ALL and rapidity of response to induction therapy. We also analyzed the in vitro drug sensitivity of de novo leukemic blasts among various clinical subsets.

RESULTS:

Compared to rapid early responders (RERs), slow early responders (SERs) had a significantly greater in vitro drug resistance to dexamethasone (DEX; P = 0.04) and prednisone (P = 0.05). The studies with all other drugs showed a non-significant trend with the SER having a higher in vitro drug resistance compared to the RER. Risk group stratified analyses indicated that in vitro resistance to asparaginase (ASP), DEX, and vincristine (VCR) were each significantly related to having very high risk ALL. Additionally, a significantly higher in vitro drug resistance to ASP and VCR was associated with unfavorable lymphoblast genetics and ultimate relapse.

CONCLUSION:

Our data indicate that this FCCA is a potentially simple and rapid method to detect inherent resistance to initial ALL therapy very early in induction, thus allowing for treatment modification shortly thereafter.

PMID:
19499583
PMCID:
PMC2775428
DOI:
10.1002/pbc.22119
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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