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Opt Express. 2005 Sep 5;13(18):6738-49.

Extended focused image in microscopy by digital Holography.


In microscopy, high magnifications are achievable for investigating micro-objects but the paradigm is that higher is the required magnification, lower is the depth of focus. For an object having a three-dimensional (3D) complex shape only a portion of it appears in good focus to the observer who is essentially looking at a single image plane. Actually, two approaches exist to obtain an extended focused image, both having severe limitations since the first requires mechanical scanning while the other one requires specially designed optics. We demonstrate that an extended focused image of an object can be obtained through digital holography without any mechanical scanning or special optical components. The conceptual novelty of the proposed approach lies in the fact that it is possible to completely exploit the unique feature of DH in extracting all the information content stored in hologram, amplitude and phase, to extend the depth of focus.

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