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Appl Ergon. 2010 Jan;41(1):93-7. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2009.05.002. Epub 2009 Jun 3.

The relationship between foot pain, anthropometric variables and footwear among older people.

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Department of Physiotherapy, Federal University of São Carlos, SP, Brazil.



To verify the prevalence of pain among older people when wearing shoes, and the relationships between foot pain, high-heeled shoes and anthropometric variables.


Both feet of 227 older women and 172 older men were evaluated with respect to anthropometric variables, arch index and foot posture index. The participants were also asked about the presence of foot pain while wearing high-heeled shoes. The data were analyzed using the Chi-square test, Pearson's correlation, MANOVA, multiple regression analysis, t test, and analysis of probability.


The prevalence of foot pain when wearing shoes was high and was associated with the female gender, however wearing high-heeled shoes was not associated with pain. The women with foot pain presented larger values for the circumferences of the metatarsal heads and the instep (after normalization with the foot length) than those without pain. The men with pain did not present different measurements from those without pain.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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