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Vet Res. 2009 Sep-Oct;40(5):50. doi: 10.1051/vetres/2009033. Epub 2009 Jun 6.

Classification of worldwide bovine tuberculosis risk factors in cattle: a stratified approach.

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Research Unit in Epidemiology and Risk Analysis applied to Veterinary Sciences, Department of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, B42, Boulevard de Colonster 20, 4000 Liège-Sart Tilman, Belgium.


The worldwide status of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) as a zoonosis remains of great concern. This article reviews the main risk factors for bTB in cattle based on a three-level classification: animal, herd and region/country level. A distinction is also made, whenever possible, between situations in developed and developing countries as the difference of context might have consequences in terms of risk of bTB. Recommendations are suggested to animal health professionals and scientists directly involved in the control and prevention of bTB in cattle. The determination of Millennium Development Goals for bTB is proposed to improve the control/eradication of the disease worldwide.

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