Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Trop Med Int Health. 2009 Jul;14(7):792-801. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2009.02295.x. Epub 2009 May 26.

Integration of insecticide-treated net distribution into routine immunization services in Malawi: a pilot study.

Author information

Department of Community Health, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi.



To determine the feasibility of distributing insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) through routine immunization services, to increase ownership and use of ITNs among high-risk groups, whereas maintaining or improving timely completion of routine vaccinations.


Free ITNs were provided with timely completion of routine vaccinations in two intervention districts in southern Malawi for 15 months. Cross-sectional baseline and follow-up household surveys were conducted in the two intervention districts and one control district.


Insecticide-treated nets utilization among children aged 12-23 months roughly doubled in the two intervention districts and did not change in the control district. Timely vaccination coverage increased in all three districts. The percentage of children aged 12-23 months who were both fully vaccinated by 12 months and slept under an ITN the night prior to the interview increased from 10-14% at baseline to 40-44% at follow-up in the intervention districts (P < 0.001), but did not change significantly in the control district.


This study is the first to evaluate the provision of free ITNs at completion of a child's primary vaccination series, demonstrating that such a linkage is both feasible and can result in improved coverage with the combined services. Additional studies are needed to determine whether such a model is effective in other countries, and whether integration of other health services with immunization delivery could also be synergistic.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center