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Pediatr Transplant. 2009 Nov;13(7):940-2. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3046.2009.01189.x. Epub 2009 May 30.

Successful outcome after early combined liver and en bloc-kidney transplant in an infant with primary hyperoxaluria type 1: a case report.

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Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.


PH1 is a metabolic disorder characterized by urolithiasis and the accumulation of oxalate crystals in the kidneys and other organs. Although patients often first present with renal failure, PH1 results from a deficiency of the hepatic peroxisomal enzyme AGT. Ultimately only liver transplantation will cure the underlying metabolic defect. Herein, we report the case of a three-month-old male infant diagnosed with PH and treated using a combined liver and en bloc-kidney transplant from a single donor. At the time of transplant, the patient was 11 months old and weighed 7.9 kg. He received a full size liver graft and en bloc kidneys from a two-yr-old donor. At 36 months post-transplant, the patient is steadily growing with normal renal and hepatic function. This is one of the first reports of successful liver and en bloc-kidney transplantation with abdominal compartment expansion by PTFE for the infantile form of PH1 in a high risk child before one yr of age. Prompt diagnosis and early referral to a specialized center for liver and kidney replacement offer the best chance for survival for infants with this otherwise fatal disease.

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