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J Med Chem. 2009 Jul 9;52(13):3982-93. doi: 10.1021/jm900364m.

Antagonists of the calcium receptor I. Amino alcohol-based parathyroid hormone secretagogues.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, Pennsylvania 19426, USA.


Functional screening of the former SmithKline Beecham compound collection against the human calcium receptor (CaR) resulted in the identification of the amino alcohol-based hit 2 (IC(50) = 11 microM). Structure-activity studies of 2 focused on the optimization of the right- and left-hand side aromatic moieties as well as the amino alcohol linker region. Critical to the optimization of this antagonist template was the discovery that the chirality of the C-2 secondary alcohol played a key role in enhancing both CaR potency as well as selectivity over the beta-adrenergic receptor subtypes. These SAR studies ultimately led to the identification of 38 (NPS 2143; SB-262470A), a potent and orally active CaR antagonist. Pharmacokinetic characterization of 38 in the rat revealed that this molecule had a large volume of distribution (11 L/kg), which resulted in a prolonged systemic exposure, protracted increases in the plasma levels of PTH, and an overall lack of net bone formation effect in a rodent model of osteoporosis.

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