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J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother. 2009;23(2):171-3. doi: 10.1080/15360280902901339.

Patient education and self-advocacy. Managing pain in osteoarthritis.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, Davis Medical Center, University of California, Sacramento, California, USA. james.johnson@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu

Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) affects the cartilage between joints and is primarily seen in older patients due to the time it takes to manifest. Various factors increase risks for the disease, including genetics, obesity, and joint over use. Although no drugs exist to repair the cartilage, treatments to manage the associated pain vary widely and range from physical therapy and steroid injections to joint fusion surgery.

PMID:
19492221
DOI:
10.1080/15360280902901339
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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