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N Biotechnol. 2009 Jun;25(5):325-30. doi: 10.1016/j.nbt.2009.03.009. Epub 2009 Apr 5.

Modern morphometry: new perspectives in physical anthropology.

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Università degli Studi di Roma Foro Italico, Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute, Piazza Lauro De Bosis 6, 00194 Roma, Italy. <>


In the past one hundred years physical anthropology has recourse to more and more efficient methods, which provide several new information regarding, human evolution and biology. Apart from the molecular approach, the introduction of new computed assisted techniques gave rise to a new concept of morphometry. Computed tomography and 3D-imaging, allowed providing anatomical description of the external and inner structures exceeding the problems encountered with the traditional morphometric methods. Furthermore, the support of geometric morphometrics, allowed creating geometric models to investigate morphological variation in terms of evolution, ontogeny and variability. The integration of these new tools gave rise to the virtual anthropology and to a new image of the anthropologist in which anatomical, biological, mathematical statistical and data processing information are fused in a multidisciplinary approach.

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