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Toxicology. 1991;69(2):187-97.

6-Alkyl-1,3,8-trichlorodibenzofurans as antiestrogens in female Sprague-Dawley rats.

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Department of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University, College Station 77843-4466.


The comparative antiestrogenic effects of 6-methyl-1,3,8-trichlorodibenzofuran (MCDF), 6-t-butyl-1,3,8-trichlorodibenzofuran (triCDF) and 6-cyclohexyl-1,3,8-triCDF were determined in immature female Sprague-Dawley rats. Treatment of the animals with 17 beta-estradiol (0.33 mumol/kg X 2) caused an increase in uterine cytosolic and nuclear estrogen and progesterone receptor levels, uterine peroxidase activity, uterine wet weights and uterine epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor binding activity and steady state EGF receptor mRNA levels. MCDF and 6-t-butyl-1,3,8-triCDF, two compounds which exhibit moderate aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor binding affinity were also administered (100 mumol/kg) to the female rats in the presence or absence of 17 beta-estradiol. The results of these studies show that both compounds decrease the constitutive and 17 beta-estradiol-induced responses noted above. In contrast, 6-cyclohexyl-1,3,8-triCDF, a congener which exhibits low Ah receptor binding, was inactive as an antiestrogen. These studies clearly demonstrate that selected 6-alkyl-1,3,8-triCDFs elicit a broad spectrum of antiestrogenic activity in immature female rats. Moreover, in contrast to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) which also is a potent antiestrogen, the 6-alkyl-1,3,8-triCDFs are relatively non-toxic and can serve as prototypes for the future development of a new class of antiestrogens with potential for clinical applications.

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