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J Gastrointest Surg. 2009 Aug;13(8):1401-10. doi: 10.1007/s11605-009-0921-8. Epub 2009 Jun 2.

Surgeon perceptions of Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES).

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Department of Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Galter 3-150, 251 E. Huron St., Chicago, IL 60611, USA.



If proven feasible and safe, Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) would still need acceptance by surgeons if it were to become a mainstream approach.


Three hundred fifty-seven surgeons responded to a preliminary survey describing NOTES and were asked to rate the importance of various surgical considerations and (assuming availability and safety) if they would choose to undergo and/or perform cholecystectomies by NOTES or laparoscopy and why.


The risk of having a complication was considered most important. NOTES was theorized to be riskier and to require greater skill than laparoscopy but to potentially cause less pain and convalescence. Nearly three-fourths (72%) of surgeons expressed interest in NOTES training which correlated with younger age, SAGES membership, minimally invasive surgery specialization, and flexible endoscopic volume. Forty-four percent would like to introduce NOTES cholecystectomy into their practices. Among those not preferring NOTES, 88% would adopt NOTES if data showed improved outcomes over laparoscopy. Finally, only 24% would choose to undergo cholecystectomy themselves by NOTES, believing it to be too new and riskier than laparoscopy.


The risk of having a complication is the greatest concern among surgeons, and safety will affect NOTES acceptance.


The results of this survey seem to justify more focused future investigations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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