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Opt Express. 2005 Jan 10;13(1):38-43.

Photonic crystal directional couplers formed by InAlGaAs nano-rods.


This study demonstrates the use of photonic crystal directional couplers to separate light of wavelengths 1.31 and 1.55microm. The photonic crystal structure consists of InAlGaAs nano-rods arranged in square lattice. The coupling length of the light in the directional coupler at a wavelength of 1.31microm was designed to be four times greater than that at 1.55microm. This behavior helps in designing devices to split the two wavelengths. The devices are fabricated by e-beam lithography and conventional photolithography. The measurement results confirm that 1.31microm/1.55microm directional couplers can be realized in PC structures formed by nano-rods.

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