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Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009 Jun;163(6):512-8. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2009.65.

Access to pediatric trauma care in the United States.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. nance@email.chop.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To catalog trauma center resources and estimate access to age-specific trauma care for children younger than 15 years in the United States.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study collating information from national, state, and local trauma systems authorities to create a catalog of verified pediatric trauma centers (PTCs) and self-designated "candidate" trauma centers. Access-to-care calculations were estimated using all US block groups and prior validated methods.

SETTING:

United States.

PATIENTS:

Children in the US younger than 15 years.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The PTC statuses of hospitals in the United States. Percentages of pediatric populations (by state and population density) having access (by ground or air) within 60 minutes to a PTC.

RESULTS:

A total of 170 verified PTCs were identified in 41 states (including the District of Columbia). An estimated 71.5% of pediatric patients were within 60 minutes of a verified PTC by air or ground transport, 43% if ground transportation only was considered. An estimated 17.4 million children did not have access to a PTC within 60 minutes. Access ranged from 22.9% of the population in the most rural areas of the United States to 93.5% in the most urban. The addition of 24 candidate centers increased coverage to 77.4% of the pediatric population being within 60 minutes of a PTC.

CONCLUSIONS:

Current pediatric trauma resources vary greatly by state and population density, with many children, particularly in rural areas, underserved. A thorough standardized catalog of verified PTCs is necessary to accurately assess pediatric trauma needs now and to optimize future trauma system planning for children.

PMID:
19487606
DOI:
10.1001/archpediatrics.2009.65
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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