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Acta Ophthalmol. 2010 Aug;88(5):594-600. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-3768.2008.01485.x. Epub 2009 May 22.

Effect of intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) in neovascular age-related macular degeneration using a treatment regimen based on optical coherence tomography: 6- and 12-month results.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To study the effect of intravitreal bevacizumab therapy on visual and anatomical outcomes in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) within a follow-up period of 6 and 12 months.

METHODS:

A retrospective analysis of 102 eyes of 102 consecutive patients with neovascular AMD evaluated repeated intravitreal bevacizumab (1 or 2.5 mg) injections. Retreatment was performed following an optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based regimen. Ophthalmic examination included best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), dilated fundus examination and OCT imaging. Data were analysed at baseline, 6 months (24 weeks) and 12 months (48 weeks) after treatment initiation.

RESULTS:

BCVA remained stable at 6 months (mean: 0.00+/-0.41 logMAR; p=0.95) and 12 months (mean: +0.02+/-0.43 logMAR; loss of approximately 1 letter; p=0.70) after the first treatment. OCT retinal thickness decreased by a mean of -37.8+/-101.6 microm (p<0.05) compared to baseline at month 6 and -38.6+/-93.3 microm (p<0.05) at month 12. A mean of 2.6+/-1.2 injections were needed to obtain absence of fluid by OCT, and the time to recurrence was 23+/-11 weeks thereafter. There was no difference in BCVA and OCT outcomes between treatment-naive eyes and eyes that had undergone prior treatment.

CONCLUSION:

The 6- and 12-month follow-up of repeated intravitreal bevacizumab therapy in eyes with neovascular AMD demonstrated stabilization of vision and no safety concerns. An OCT-based retreatment strategy appears appropriate in the management of patients treated with intravitreal bevacizumab.

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