Format

Send to

Choose Destination
PLoS One. 2009 Jun 1;4(6):e5754. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0005754.

Embodied emotion modulates neural signature of performance monitoring.

Author information

1
Department of Neuropsychology, Otto-von Guericke Universität Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recent research on the "embodiment of emotion" implies that experiencing an emotion may involve perceptual, somatovisceral, and motor feedback aspects. For example, manipulations of facial expression and posture appear to induce emotional states and influence how affective information is processed. The present study investigates whether performance monitoring, a cognitive process known to be under heavy control of the dopaminergic system, is modulated by induced facial expressions. In particular, we focused on the error-related negativity, an electrophysiological correlate of performance monitoring.

METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

During a choice reaction task, participants held a Chinese chop stick either horizontally between the teeth ("smile" condition) or, in different runs, vertically ("no smile") with the upper lip. In a third control condition, no chop stick was used ("no stick"). It could be shown on a separate sample that the facial feedback procedure is feasible to induce mild changes in positive affect. In the ERP sample, the smile condition, hypothesized to lead to an increase in dopaminergic activity, was associated with a decrease of ERN amplitude relative to "no smile" and "no stick" conditions.

CONCLUSION:

Embodying emotions by induced facial expressions leads to a changes in the neural correlates of error detection. We suggest that this is due to the joint influence of the dopaminergic system on positive affect and performance monitoring.

PMID:
19484132
PMCID:
PMC2685014
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0005754
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Public Library of Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center