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Opt Express. 2004 Aug 23;12(17):3988-95.

Small-volume waveguide-section high Q microcavities in 2D photonic crystal slabs.


A series of microcavities in 2D hexagonal lattice photonic crystal slabs are studied in this paper. The microcavities are small sections of a photonic crystal waveguide. Finite difference time domain simulations show that these cavities preserve high Q modes with similar geometrical parameters and field profile. Effective modal volume is reduced gradually in this series of microcavity modes while maintaining high quality factor. Vertical Q value larger than 10(sup6) is obtained for one of these cavity modes with effective modal volume around 5.40 cubic half wavelengths [lambda/2nslab)(sup3)]. Another cavity mode provides even smaller modal volume around 2.30 cubic half wavelengths, with vertical Q value exceeding 10(sup5).

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