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Respir Med. 2009 Nov;103(11):1700-5. doi: 10.1016/j.rmed.2009.05.005. Epub 2009 May 29.

Postnasal drip and chronic cough: An open interventional study.

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1
Royal Brompton Hospital, Imperial College, London, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The postnasal drip (PND) syndrome is often linked as a cause of chronic cough although this is disputed.

OBJECTIVES:

We examined the effect of specific topical treatment of rhinosinusitis on cough in patients presenting with a chronic cough associated with a postnasal drip or 'nasal catarrh'.

METHODS:

Patients presenting with a chronic cough and who complained of PND were enrolled and symptoms of PND and cough were assessed by questionnaire and by a capsaicin cough response. Rhinosinusitis was assessed by questionnaires, direct examination of the nose and by high-resolution computed tomography. In an open study, they were treated with fluticasone nasules, ipratropium bromide and azelastine nasal sprays for 28 days, after which they were re-assessed.

RESULTS:

Eighteen out of 21 patients completed the study. All patients reported having the presence of mucus in the throat. Mean cough score improved post-treatment (p<0.05), but there was no significant change in capsaicin cough sensitivity or nasal catarrh questionnaire score. There was improvement in anterior nasal discharge symptom scores (p=0.005) and in endoscopic nasal scores post-treatment (p<0.01), with a tendency to improved PND scores.

CONCLUSION:

In a pilot open 'real-life' study treatment targeted towards rhinosinusitis accompanying PND syndrome and chronic cough led to an improvement in cough. A randomised controlled study is now needed to confirm or refute these findings.

PMID:
19481918
DOI:
10.1016/j.rmed.2009.05.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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