Send to

Choose Destination
J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2009 Jul;20(7):888-95. doi: 10.1016/j.jvir.2009.03.036. Epub 2009 May 28.

Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma: prospective assessment of the right inferior phrenic artery with C-arm CT.

Author information

Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, 110-744, Korea.



To assess the usefulness of C-arm computed tomography (CT) of the right inferior phrenic artery (RIPA) in transcatheter arterial chemoembolization of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).


From December 2007 to April 2008, C-arm CT of the RIPA was prospectively performed in 32 patients with HCC. Two interventional radiologists who performed C-arm CT assessed the additional information provided with C-arm CT as grade 1 (no additional information), grade 2 (added information without an effect on the treatment plan), or grade 3 (added information with an effect on the treatment plan). Tumor feeders and feeders of a systemic-to-pulmonary shunt were recorded.


The information provided by C-arm CT was classified as grade 1 for nine of the 32 patients (28%), grade 2 for 20 patients (63%), and grade 3 for three patients (9%). The most common additional information from C-arm CT scans of the RIPA was the differentiation between the tumor and the systemic-to-pulmonary shunt. A systemic-to-pulmonary shunt from the RIPA was observed in 22 patients (69%), and the most common feeder of a systemic-to-pulmonary shunt was the azygoesophageal branch.


C-arm CT of the RIPA provides additional imaging information for the differentiation of a tumor from a nontumorous condition during chemoembolization for HCC with a suspected blood supply from an RIPA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center