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BMC Med Genet. 2009 May 29;10:45. doi: 10.1186/1471-2350-10-45.

Rapid diagnosis of spinal muscular atrophy using high-resolution melting analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology and Institute of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, PR China. wanjinchen75@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive hereditary disorder caused by mutations of the survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene. Recently, high-resolution DNA melting analysis (HRMA) with saturation LC Green dyes has become a powerful post-PCR technique for genotyping or mutation scanning. So far, no studies have applied HRMA to the molecular analysis of SMA.

METHODS:

The exon 7 and the flanking area of the SMN1 and SMN2 genes of 55 SMA patients and 46 unrelated normal individuals were amplified with asymmetric PCR with unlabeled probe and symmetric PCR without probe, respectively. The saturation LC Green dyes were added to the PCR system. The PCR products were loaded onto the LightScanner system and were melted from 60 degrees C to 95 degrees C slowly. The melting curves were acquired and analyzed by the LightScanner software.

RESULTS:

Three types of melting curves that correlated with the presumed genotype of SMA patients and controls were clearly separated on the HRMA chromatogram with the unlabeled probe. The 55 SMA patients and 46 non-SMA controls were identified with HRMA with a 100% clinical sensitivity.

CONCLUSION:

The HRMA with saturation LC Green dyes and unlabeled probe appears to be a suitable, alternative method for the diagnosis of SMA, with high sensitivity and specificity.

PMID:
19480685
PMCID:
PMC2694785
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2350-10-45
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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