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Environ Sci Technol. 2009 Apr 15;43(8):2931-6.

Continuous high rate anaerobic treatment of oleic acid based wastewater is possible after a step feeding start-up.

Author information

1
Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre of Biological Engineering, University ofMinho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal.

Abstract

Mineralization of a synthetic effluent containing 50% COD as oleic acid was achieved in a continuous anaerobic reactor at organic loading rates up to 21 kg COD m(-3) day(-1), HRT of 9 h, attaining 99% of COD removal efficiency and a methane yield higher than 70%. A maximum specific methane production rate of 1170 +/- 170 mg COD-CH4 g VS(-1) day(-1) was measured during the reactor's operation. A start-up strategy combining feeding phases and batch degradation phases was applied to promote the development of an anaerobic community efficient for long chain fatty acids (LCFA) mineralization. Through the start-up period, the methane yield increased gradually from 67% to 91%, and LCFA accumulated onto the sludge only during the first 60 days of operation. For the first time, it is demonstrated that a step feeding start-up is required to produce a specialized and efficient anaerobic community for continuous high rate anaerobic treatment of LCFA-rich wastewater.

PMID:
19475973
DOI:
10.1021/es8031264
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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