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Biotechnol Bioeng. 2009 Sep 1;104(1):143-51. doi: 10.1002/bit.22365.

Specific immuno capturing of the staphylococcal superantigen toxic-shock syndrome toxin-1 in plasma.

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Faculty of Science, Department of Cellular Architecture and Dynamics, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Toxic-shock syndrome is primarily caused by the Toxic-shock syndrome toxin 1 (TSST-1), which is secreted by the Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. The toxin belongs to a family of superantigens (SAgs) which exhibit several shared biological properties, including the induction of massive cytokine release and V(beta)-specific T-cell proliferation. In this study we explored the possibility to use monoclonal Variable domains of Llama Heavy-chain antibodies (VHH) in the immuno capturing of TSST-1 from plasma. Data is presented that the selected VHHs are highly specific for TSST-1 and can be efficiently produced in large amounts in yeast. In view of affinity chromatography, the VHHs are easily coupled to beads, and are able to deplete TSST-1 from plasma at very low, for example, pathologically relevant, concentrations. When spiked with 4 ng/mL TSST-1 more than 96% of TSST-1 was depleted from pig plasma. These data pave the way to further explore application of high-affinity columns in the specific immuno depletion of SAgs in experimental sepsis models and in sepsis in humans.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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