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Opt Express. 2004 Jun 14;12(12):2762-73.

Experimental and theoretical demonstration of validity and limitations in fringe-resolved autocorrelation measurements for pulses of few optical cycles.


Using 3.6- and 5.3-fs pulses, we demonstrated theoretically and experimentally that fringe-resolved autocorrelation (FRAC) traces are distorted by bandwidth limitations of the second-harmonic generation (SHG) in 10-microm-thick, type I ss-BaB2O4 for pulses shorter than sub-5 fs. In addition, detailed numerical analysis of the SHG showed that the optimum crystal angle where the FRAC trace distortion becomes minimum is in disagreement not only with the phase-matching angle but also with the angle where the FRAC signal intensity becomes maximum. Furthermore, the apparent pulse duration measured at a nonoptimum angle was confirmed to become shorter than that of its transform-limited pulse, in excellent agreement with the calculated result.

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