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Opt Express. 2004 Apr 19;12(8):1551-61.

Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs.


The design, fabrication, and measurement of photonic-band-gap (PBG) waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in two-dimensional photonic crystal (PhC) slabs have been investigated. We have studied various loss mechanisms in PBG waveguides and have achieved a very low propagation loss (~1 dB/mm). For these waveguides, we have observed a large group delay (>100 ps) by time-domain measurement. As regards PBG resonators, we realize very high-Q and small volume resonators in PhC slabs by appropriate design. Finally, we demonstrate various forms of coupled elements of waveguides and resonators: 2-port resonant-tunneling transmission devices, 4-port channel-drop devices using the slow light mode, and 3-port channel-drop devices using the resonant-tunneling process.

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