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Ann Surg. 2009 Jun;249(6):948-53. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e3181a6cdb0.

Effect of weight loss by diet or gastric bypass surgery on peptide YY3-36 levels.

Author information

1
Obesity Research Center, St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the effect of an equivalent weight loss, by gastric bypass surgery (GBP) or by diet, on peptide YY3-36 (PYY3-36), ghrelin, and leptin levels and to determine the effect of diabetes status on PYY3-36 levels.

SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA:

The increased PYY3-36 levels after GBP may be involved in the magnitude and the sustainability of weight loss after surgery.

METHODS:

Of the 30 morbidly obese women who participated in the study, 21 had type 2 diabetes mellitus, and were studied before and after equivalent weight loss of 10 kg by either GBP (n = 11) or by diet (n = 10).

RESULTS:

: PYY3-36 levels were higher in obese diabetic as compared with nondiabetic individuals (64.1 +/- 34.4 pg/mL vs. 39.9 +/- 21.1 pg/mL; P < 0.05). PYY3-36 levels increased markedly in response to oral glucose after GBP (peak: 72.3 +/- 20.5 pg/mL-132.7 +/- 49.7 pg/mL; P < 0.001; AUC0-180: 51.5 +/- 23.3 pg/mL x min-91.1 +/- 32.2 pg/mL x min P < 0.001), but not after diet (peak: 85.5 +/- 51.9 pg/mL-84.8 +/- 41.13 pg/mL; P = NS; AUC0-180: 68.3 +/- 38.5 pg/mL x min-61.1 +/- 42.2 pg/mL.min P = NS). Fasting ghrelin levels increased after diet (425 +/- 91 pg/mL-519 +/- 105 pg/mL; P < 0.05), but did not change after GBP (506 +/- 121 pg/mL-482 +/- 196 pg/mL; P = NS).

CONCLUSIONS:

Diabetes status seems to be a determinant of PYY3-36 levels. GBP, but not diet-induced weight loss, resulted in markedly increased glucose-stimulated PYY3-36 levels. The increase in stimulated PYY3-36 levels after GBP is likely a result of the surgery rather than a secondary outcome of weight loss. Changes in PYY3-36 levels and ghrelin could contribute to the success of GBP in sustaining weight loss.

PMID:
19474685
PMCID:
PMC2845170
DOI:
10.1097/SLA.0b013e3181a6cdb0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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