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Neurogenetics. 2009 Oct;10(4):371-4. doi: 10.1007/s10048-009-0197-x. Epub 2009 May 27.

SCA27 caused by a chromosome translocation: further delineation of the phenotype.

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Department of Medical Genetics, Ullevål University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.


We report of a spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA)27 in a daughter and her mother whose karyotype is 46, XX t(5;13)(q31.2;q33.1). The translocation breakpoint is identical in both patients, disrupting the gene-encoding fibroblast growth factor 14 isoform b (FGF14-1b). Clinically, both show signs of SCA, although the daughter is the most affected with early onset cerebellar ataxia, microcephaly, and severe mental retardation. FGF14-1b is the predominant isoform in brain, where it interacts with the voltage gated Na channel. Fgf14(-/-) mice develop ataxia and paroxysmal dyskinesia and have cognitive deficits. One missense and one non-sense mutation in FGF14 have previously been linked to SCA27. Truncation of one allele in our patients suggests that haploinsuffiency of FGF14 can cause SCA27.

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