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Opt Express. 2003 Oct 20;11(21):2753-61.

Three-dimensional imaging of the human retina by high-speed optical coherence tomography.


Conventional optical coherence tomography is based on A-scans, i.e., the fast scan direction is the z-direction. While this technique has been successfully demonstrated for two-dimensional cross sectional imaging of various tissues, it is rather slow if three-dimensional information is to be obtained. We report on a new technique that combines the transverse scanning approach of a confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope with the depth sectioning capability of OCT. A stable high-frequency carrier is generated by use of an acousto optic modulator, and high frame rate is obtained by using a resonant scanning mirror for the priority scan (x-direction). Our prototype instrument records 64 transverse images consisting of 256x128 pixels in 1.2 seconds, thus providing the fastest retinal 3D OCT scanning system reported so far. We demonstrate the capabilities of our system by measuring and imaging the fovea and the optic nerve head region of healthy human volunteers in vivo.


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